What is Biphasic Mesothelioma?

All About Biphasic Mesothelioma

Biphasic Mesothelioma is formed in the lining of the lungs or the pleura. It is a type of cancer caused due to the exposure to asbestos. There are multiple types of cancerous cells present in the bodies of the patients who are diagnosed with this type of mesothelioma. Hence, the life expectancies of each patient may differ depending on the prominent types of cells in each patient. This condition is the second most common cancer type of mesothelioma. In fact, more than 25% of mesothelioma cases are biphasic. This article provides information on the diagnosis and treatment of biphasic mesothelioma.

This is a rare form of cancer which can be difficult to diagnose. In fact, the symptoms are not easily recognizable until the cancer has progressed to the later stages. The symptoms of this condition could be confused with other respiratory illnesses such as asthma and pneumonia which may lead to a misdiagnosis at the beginning. By the time the condition is diagnosed, it may have spread beyond the lungs and difficult to cure. On the other hand, detecting biphasic cells are also quite difficult. They are the hardest types of cells to diagnose in all kinds of mesothelioma. This is because sarcomatoid cells and epithelial cells would grow in separate parts of the tumor. Only one type of cell will show in a typical tumor sample. That’s why samples from different parts of the tumor need to be tested for a more accurate diagnosis of the condition. A procedure called video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is the best method to collect as many samples as possible for testing purposes.

Once biphasic mesothelioma is diagnosed, your healthcare provider will decide on the best treatment method for your condition. In fact, the treatment may mostly depend on the stage and the location of the cancer. In fact, the treatment method is less dependent on the type of cancer cells present. That’s why common mesothelioma treatments are ideal for biphasic mesothelioma. Some of the most effective treatment methods are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. But the type of cells present in the cancer can alter the effectiveness of the treatments received by the patient. For example, epithelial cells will respond better to the aforementioned treatment methods compared to sarcomatoid cells. This means a patient with more epithelial cells in the tumor will respond much better to the treatments than other patients. Not all biphasic mesothelioma patients would receive the same type of medication due to this reason.

Due to the rareness of the condition, it is important that you find a professional mesothelioma specialist to guide you through the treatment process. Such a professional will determine the cell type of the patient and devise an appropriate treatment plan for him or her. These are some of the important factors that you need to take into account if you or anyone in your family is suffering from biphasic mesothelioma. It will help you get the right kind of treatment to cure or control the illness.